By Héctor Borrás, on 28 December 2023
Development and IT trends evolve annually, making it crucial for both companies and developers to stay updated on the latest developments. This ensures better decision-making and meeting customer demands effectively. At Cyberclick, we aim to simplify this process for you. We've analyzed the IT and development market to present some of the most noteworthy and impactful trends for 2024. Are you interested in discovering them?
What Are the It and Development Trends for 2024?
Increasing Market Share for Progressive Web Apps
A web application is an application that operates independently of any specific operating system; instead, it is developed within a web browser, typically on a web page. Examples of web apps include Twitter and Facebook pages, capable of performing similar functions as native apps designed for iOS or Android. On the opposite end of the spectrum are native apps, specifically crafted for a particular operating system, often resulting in smoother performance.
Progressive web applications (PWAs) fall between these two categories. PWAs are essentially web pages that mimic the behavior of traditional apps, employing technologies such as Service Workers.
The notable advantage of PWAs lies in their ability to offer users a faster, more appealing, and secure experience compared to other types of applications. Furthermore, PWAs facilitate offline access. Given the contemporary emphasis on delivering a seamless user experience across diverse platforms, it's unsurprising that PWAs stand out as one of the key IT and development trends for 2024.
МUltiexperience in Web Application Development
Did you know that on Airbnb, it's already possible to book an apartment through your home's smart speakers? The Starbucks app also enables ordering through voice assistants or smartwatches. This marks just the beginning of what appears to be one of the hottest IT and development trends for 2024.
Society is increasingly seeking more convenient ways to use apps or websites. In fact, the upcoming year will witness a rise in multifunctional, multi-touch, and multi-screen interfaces.
Terms such as accelerated mobile pages, web assembly, progressive web applications, or multi-experience development platforms will become more prevalent in this field as they work towards achieving these results.
Serverless Architecture (Cloud Computing)
Cloud computing enables users to access file storage, software, and data processing remotely through the Internet, eliminating the need for a local server or personal computer. For instance, it enables activities like streaming Amazon Prime movies or editing Word documents online, requiring only an Internet connection and a browser—no software downloads or installations.
While not a new concept, cloud computing has evolved and will once again take center stage in 2024. Its advantages include flexibility, scalability, reliability, and availability. There are three main types of cloud computing services:
- SaaS (Software as a Service): Fully deployed and managed software accessible through a service provider.
- IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service): Provides virtual computing resources for customers to develop and manage their infrastructures.
- PaaS (Platform as a Service): Offers a comprehensive environment for developers to solely focus on software development.
The Arrival of 5G Technology
The 5G, or fifth-generation wireless cellular technology, succeeds the 4G technology, providing faster upload and download speeds, increased capacity, and more robust connections. This advancement is set to revolutionize software development, empowering developers to explore new possibilities. In 2024, 5G will again be a crucial development and IT trend as its coverage expands, facilitating significant improvements in virtual reality, augmented reality, and the Internet of Things.
As 5G continues to develop and expand, companies must recognize the importance of adapting to and capitalizing on this technology. It is crucial not to lose sight of the opportunities it presents.
Blockchain and Web 3.0
Blockchain technology, a recent and disruptive innovation, is poised to become a leading IT and development trend in 2024. It relies on a decentralized, public blockchain of transactions, creating shared data accessible to visitors. Unlike centralized networks, blockchain operates on multiple computers simultaneously, eliminating the need for a central authority or intermediaries.
This technology ensures security through cryptographic algorithms, guaranteeing the accuracy of information and protecting transactions. Its decentralized nature makes hacking difficult, providing transparency as users can track and verify movements.
While Bitcoin originated as a blockchain for cryptocurrencies, it has expanded its use to various sectors like health, finance, and logistics. The blockchain aligns with the evolution of Web 3.0, envisioned as a more centralized, secure web empowering users with greater control over their data. This shift offers advantages for online businesses, enhancing reliability, security, and efficiency, thereby reducing risks and costs.
Motion UI, also known as Motion Design Web, is a technology empowering web designers to craft more engaging user interfaces, poised to be a prominent trend for brands in 2024. However, it's essential to understand that Motion UI goes beyond merely animating elements post-design. It is seamlessly integrated into both the UX and UI phases, emphasizing purposeful animations rather than saturating a page.
The benefits of Motion UI include:
- Disguises slow load times: Conceals prolonged page loading by entertaining users, making them less aware of delays.
- Enhances navigation appeal: Simplifies and streamlines navigation, eliminating the need for excessively lengthy menus.
- Guides user actions: Utilizes Motion UI to incorporate elements activated only when users perform specific actions, influencing user behavior.
Extended reality encompasses virtual reality, augmented reality, and mixed reality, offering experiences beyond real life. Over the next decade, significant advancements in these realms are anticipated, with 2024 marking a year of major updates. Key sectors poised for transformation include:
- Medicine: Virtual reality will be used to train surgeons, enhancing speed, accuracy, and efficiency in surgeries.
- Manufacturing: Professionals will undergo training using extended reality to prevent injuries and reduce production defects.
- Military: Development of training programs using extended reality to better prepare armed forces.
The potential of extended reality lies in the promise of immersive technologies. As these technologies evolve, there is a likelihood of unification into a single platform accessible through a unified device.
Generative Artificial Intelligence
If 2023 saw the emergence of generative AI, 2024 will be the year when we truly recognize its power and utility.
Generative AI, a subset of Artificial Intelligence, creates original content from existing data using neural networks and learning algorithms for text and images. While its progress has been remarkable, there's still much room for evolution.
As we explore more applications, this technology has the potential to enhance the speed, efficiency, and productivity of various processes and industries. This, in turn, allows humans to focus on tasks that truly utilize their skills, such as creativity, critical thinking, and communication.
Despite lingering concerns about AI, 2024 is likely to be the year when people increasingly recognize its true value and move past apprehensions. This, of course, should go hand in hand with effective regulation that manages risks without stifling the tremendous potential of this technology.
This stands out as a key IT and development trend in 2024. Countries and corporations are actively working towards reducing emissions, and technology will play a pivotal role in achieving this by mitigating human environmental impact.
Key concepts such as renewable technologies, green cloud computing, sustainable applications, carbon capture, electric bicycles, and the circular economy will gain prominence in 2024.
Developers and users face a crucial challenge to adopt more ethical and sustainable technology. However, it's essential to remain vigilant against the potential rise of greenwashing, where brands superficially portray a commitment to the environment without genuine actions.
Quantum computing, a buzzworthy topic, is anticipated to showcase tangible benefits in 2024. These computers have the capability to perform numerous calculations simultaneously, holding potential applications in industries like pharmaceuticals, medicine, meteorology, traffic, and space science. They offer solutions to longstanding challenges. While it's premature to predict the full scope of quantum computing, 2024 is expected to be a significant year, potentially yielding breakthroughs for humanity.
Additionally, banks and financial organizations have been early investors in quantum technology, aiming to enhance risk management and fraud detection. This suggests that the financial sector is ahead of the curve and likely to drive further developments. Keep an eye on quantum computing as it unfolds.